Archive Ouverte HAL – Tsunami Vulnerability Of Buildings And Other People In South Java ?

Tsunami vulnerability of buildings and folks in South Java ? Abstract : A team of scientists from New Zealand and Indonesia undertook a reconnaissance mission south Java area suffering from the tsunami of 17 July 2006. The team used GPS-based surveying equipment to measure ground profiles and inundation depths along 17 transects across affected areas close to the port city of Cilacap plus the resort town of Pangandaran. The goal of the task was to obtain data for calibration of models utilized to estimate tsunami inundations, casualty rates and damage levels. More information was gathered from interviews with eyewitnesses. The amount of damage observed was diverse, being primarily determined by water depth plus the building construction type. Water depths were typically 2 to 4 m where housing was seriously damaged. Damage levels ranged from total for older brick houses, to about 50% for newer buildings with rudimentary reinforced-concrete beams and columns, to 5? 20% for engineered residential houses and multi-storey hotels with heavier RC columns. Despite various natural indicators very few individuals were alerted towards the impending tsunami. Hence, the death toll was significant, with average death and injury rates both being about 10% of individuals exposed, for water depths around 3 m.

59. People fall into line before public telephone booths at Shibuya station in Tokyo March 11, 2011. The largest earthquake going to Japan since records began 140 years back struck the northeast coast on Friday, triggering a 10-metre tsunami that swept away everything in its path, including houses, ships, cars and farm buildings burning. 60. Houses burn during the night following an earthquake in Natori City, Miyagi Prefecture, northeastern Japan, March 11, 2011. The largest earthquake going to Japan in 140 years struck the northeast coast on Friday, triggering a 10-metre tsunami that swept away everything in its path, including houses, cars and farm buildings burning. A tsunami warning continues to be issued for the whole Pacific basin aside from the mainland USA and Canada carrying out a huge earthquake that hit Japan on Friday, the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center said. 61. Whirlpools have emerged carrying out a tsunami and earthquake in Iwaki city, Fukushima Prefecture, March 11, 2011. The largest earthquake going to Japan since records began 140 years back struck the northeast coast on Friday, triggering a 10-metre tsunami that swept away everything in its path, including houses, ships, cars and farm buildings burning.

Thoughts Blowing Technique On Tsunami Live

62. A whirlpool sometimes appears near Oarai City, Ibaraki Prefecture, northeastern Japan, March 11, 2011. The largest earthquake going to Japan on record struck the northeast coast on Friday, triggering a 10-metre tsunami that swept away everything in its path, including houses, ships, cars and farm buildings burning. 63. Smoke rises from fire within an area flooded by way of a tsunami following an earthquake in Fukushima Prefecture, northeastern Japan, March 11, 2011. The largest earthquake going to Japan in 140 years struck the northeast coast on Friday, triggering a 10-metre tsunami that swept away everything in its path, including houses, cars and farm buildings burning. A tsunami warning have been issued for the whole Pacific basin aside from the mainland USA and Canada carrying out a huge earthquake that hit Japan on Friday, the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center said. 64. An oncoming tsunami strikes the coast in Natori City, Miyagi Prefecture, northeastern Japan March 11, 2011. The largest earthquake going to Japan in 140 years struck the northeast coast on Friday, triggering a 10-metre tsunami that swept away everything in its path, including houses, cars and farm buildings burning.

A tsunami warning continues to be issued for the whole Pacific basin aside from the mainland USA and Canada carrying out a huge earthquake that hit Japan on Friday, the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center said. 65. Hirono Power Station sometimes appears to be a wave approaches after an earthquake in Hirono Town, Fukushima Prefecture, March 11, 2011. The largest earthquake going to Japan since records began 140 years back struck the northeast coast on Friday, triggering a 10-metre tsunami that swept away everything in its path, including houses, ships, cars and farm buildings burning. 66. Streets are flooded following a tsunami and earthquake in Kesennuma city, Miyagi Prefecture March 11, 2011. The largest earthquake going to Japan since records began 140 years back struck the northeast coast on Friday, triggering a 10-metre tsunami that swept away everything in its path, including houses, ships, cars and farm buildings burning. 67. Sendai Airport is flooded following a tsunami following an earthquake in Sendai, northeastern Japan, March 11, 2011. The largest earthquake going to Japan in 140 years struck the northeast coast on Friday, triggering a 10-metre tsunami that swept away everything in its path, including houses, cars and farm buildings burning.